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Location and climate of Cyprus

Общее описание острова Кипр

The Big Island (Μεγαλόνησος) – that’s the name Greeks and Cypriots have given to Cyprus, which is located in the eastern Mediterranean, and is the third largest (9251 km2) island in the area .

The northern coastal line is mostly rocky, although in the area of ​​Polis Chrysochous (north-western part) there are beautiful golden sandy and pebble beaches, which are, due to their perfect ecological condition, chosen by Mediterranean turtles as their egg-laying site.

The southern and south-western part has a longer coastline, the white sands of Ayia Napa and Protaras beaches attract a considerable amount of tourists – beach lovers; and the famous Paphos beach – Coral Bay, has become a peculiar logo of the city.

The capital of Cyprus is Nicosia (Lefkosia), located in the center of the island, in the fertile valley of Mesaoria, located between two mountain ranges, Troodos and Pentadaktylos; the population is about 270,000. The capital is served by Larnaca International Airport, approximately 50 km from Nicosia, since its own airport was closed after the Turkish occupation in 1974. Modern highways of constructed up to highest European standards connect the capital with other major cities of the island.

The next most important city is Limassol (Lemesos) with a population of approximately 230,000 people. It is located on the shores of the Gulf of Akrotiri, the port gate of Cyprus. The coastal resort area stretches along the entire length of the city.

The third largest city is Larnaca, a place with an ancient history; in ancient times and until the Middle Ages, the city bore the name Kition. The most famous attraction of Larnaca is the church of St. Lazarus, where the relics of the Saint are kept. Larnaca is also known for its international airport, marina, Finikoudes Promenade with its palm trees. Free economic zone is neighboring the city.

Paphos, the fourth largest city, is also called “the pearl of Cyprus”. Every year Paphos welcomes more tourists than all other cities, and also keeps leading position relating to the number of properties purchased by foreigners. A town with a very ancient culture, many historical monuments, beautifully preserved mosaics; in ancient times it was the capital of Cyprus. The second international airport is located in Paphos,  the national air carrier Cyprus Airways is based hare, as well as the Irish low-cost airline Ryanair.

In the very center of the southern part of Cyprus, the Troodos mountain range is located, with a rich and unique flora and fauna, ancient monasteries, and a ski resort. The flow of pilgrims and tourists does not stop all year round.


МесяцТемпература воздуха (день)Температура воды (море)
Кипр в январе+16 °С+17 °С
Кипр в феврале+17 °С+17 °С
Кипр в марте+18 °С+18 °С
Кипр в апреле+22 °С+20 °С
Кипр в мае+26 °С+21 °С
Кипр в июне+30 °С+24 °С
Кипр в июле+32 °С+26 °С
Кипр в августе+33 °С+27 °С
Кипр в сентябре+31 °С+26 °С
Кипр в октябре+27 °С+24 °С
Кипр в ноябре+22 °С+21 °С
Кипр в декабре+18 °С+19 °С


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